CD Protocols

There have been several research projects completed indicating substantial anxiety reduction and respectable test score gains.  See Training on CDs

Test Anxiety Scales

Strengths and Weakness of Test Anxiety Scales.  For information click here.



The American Test Anxieties Association recommends two summariese, by Ray Hembree and Tuncay Ergene.  These include:

This classic concludes that test-anxious students score 12 percentile points below their low anxiety peers, or half a grade below, and that test-anxiety reduction improves test scores.  Ray Hembree (1988). Correlates, Causes, Effects and Treatment of Test Anxiety. Review of Educational Research, 58 1, 47-77.

Ergene provides the most recent overview of test-anxiety reduction methods.  Posted here with the kind permission of its author.   Tuncay Ergene (2003). Effective Interventions on Test Anxiety Reduction. School Psychology International. 24, 3 (Aug), 313-329.

Who Benefits?

Test anxious students tend to have lower study skills and lower test-taking skills. Researcher Charles Spielberger concludes that test anxiety reduction benefits students with reasonably satisfactory skills, while poor study skills and poor test-taking skills must be improved for the remaining students to benefit.

The American Test Anxieties Association sponsored a symposium:  Academic Benefits from Test Anxiety Reduction Program.  American Psychological Association, Washington DC, Aug. 2005.

Grade School vs. College

The few research studies done with grade school children suggest that benefits may be smaller for grammar school students than for college students.   We suggest that grammar school students be given additional training reviews, and we have attained reasonably strong standardized test gains with one fifth grade sample.

The high school students in our samples seem to attain the same good results as college students.

Looking for Stacks

PubMed (National Library of Medicine)  Includes abstracts.

Reference List


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